Adivasi Tribesman Safari
Garasia Belt (jeep)
Garasia is a scheduled tribe living in the forest areas of the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. They are divided into Rajput Garasia, Adivasi Garasia and Bhil Garasia. Dwelling in the Rock and thorn forest of the Godwar, Aravalli range (Pali, Sirohi and Udaipur districts of the Rajasthan)
Present day Garasias are characterized by several social divisions with well-defined relationships. These divisions have appeared out of situations of culture contact and acculturation. Further, group heterogeneity also supports a stratified order. Constant contact with others like Bhils and Hindus has led to several changes in the social order of this tribe. Today Garasias are divided into Rajput Garasia, Garasia and Bhil Garasia.
Rajput Garasia is the outcome of cultural blending of Rajputs and Garasias with the adoption of Rajput clan names. This has led to cultural isolation from other Garasias. Rajput Garasias distinguish themselves as superior and usually maintain distance from other Garasias.
Rabari Belt (Bullock cart, Jeep, Cycle ,Foot)
Rabaris claim descent from the Rajput clans such as the Rathore, Solanki, Bhati, Paramara, Chauhan, Tanwar and Ponwar. Many historian shown their arriving at here from central Asia, but someone like Colonel James Todd wrote in his one famous book “TAREEKH-E-RAJISTHAN( HALAT-E-MARAWAR)” (1818) that, Rabari are actually BHATI rajputs who are decedent of seventh wife (Bhadra) of prophet KIRSHANA. These Rabari in the past were great warriors, wise men and clan royalty. Rabari clans are called ' NAKH '. These clans are further sub-divided in SHAKHS [Branches].
The actual Rabari are Hun Rajput. They invaded India in 507 AD. and ruled from 509 to 511 AD. Their king was Mihrikula, the leader of Hun Rajput. If we go to the early history their head was ATTILLA THE HUN. Attilla the hun was born in southern part of Russia. Some people also believed that Rabari or Huns Rajput came to India from the Roman side because Attila the Hun was king of the region at the time.
According to one of the legends on their origin, Lord Shiva gave Sambal, one of these minions, three apsaras, to marry and flourish with a condition that he will not speak one word to them. If the violated the condition, the apsaras would be lost forever. From his association, one son and four daughters were born. Soon, the family grew large and therefore the lord asked him to go and dwell on the earth. Since then Sambal was called Rabari.
According to another version, Sambal was an ace camel breeder. Someone started stealing the beautiful and sturdy animals. Sambal soon discovered that the stealer was a goddess. However, Sambal caught her and through a clever stratagem removed her clothes, leaving her in an embarrassing situation. As per the tradition in situations like this, the two married and after wandering across Haryana, Rajasthan and Sind, settled in Kutch.
Rabaris are devout Hindus. According to their myth of existence they were created by Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva, who wiped the dust and sweat from Shiva as he was meditating and fashioned the very first camel from the dust balls she collected from his body. Once Shiva had breathed life into this camel, it kept running away, so Parvati fashioned a man, and the first Rabari was given life so he could mind the camel. Keeping animals has thus always been a pious occupation and Rabaris see themselves primarily as custodians of animals during their moral existence, rather than their owners. It is also their beliefs that the mother goddess presides over them. Her advice is taken about when to start out migration, and animals are commended to her care.
Part of a large family
Rabaris are mainly dependent on the milk profession. The only harmony is the profession of cattle grazing. They have lived in different parts of India for a millennia being the part of Huns (Hunas). Other tribes each claim different origin. An example, Oraon are the earliest inhabitant (Abrogenial) of the Orisa province in south east India, prior to the arrival of the Aryan tribe or Sanskrit speaking people.
Gowda claim origin from Dravidians. Dravidians were the original people in India. They are the ones who established the Indus civilization, and reference Harrapa and Monajodaro archaeological findings. These sites were in Indus valley thousands of years prior to the arrival of the Aryans. These other tribes or caste are good, but none of them have any genealogical, hereditary, endogamy or exogamy relationships to each other.
There are a number of areas where Rabari community live, and the majority of Rabari's live all over the states of India's Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhyapradesh and now they are getting involved and played important roles in the development of India, by developing themselves in education, milk business etc.
Nowadays a very small percentage of Rabari are nomadic. (1-2%) Most of the grazing land is gone in India, because of an increase in human population.
Traditionally they are camel herders and wanderers, and were once nomadic people. These days the Rabaris are said to be semi-nomadic. Some live in small hamlets of round huts with mud walls and thatched roofs. The women manage the hamlets and are shrewd and intelligent. They sell wool and clarified butter to city merchants and manage all money matters. The women are usually strong, beautiful, tall and well built. The Rabari men are also tall, handsome and well-built. They can often be seen roaming the countryside with their droves. They travel hundreds of miles on annual migration routes in search of new pastures to graze their animals.
Rabari girls can be married as young as 15-months old. Most of the Rabari marriages take place on the same day once a year and can be a very extravagant event involving polygamist rite.
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